When you’re investing in a leather good, you want to know your item is of the highest quality. Top fashion designers use high quality leather with beautiful textures and colors. These are some leather types used by top designers on the market, including Hermes, Louis Vuitton, and Chanel.
Box Calf Leather (or Veau Leather): This is soft, smooth, glossy, yet very sensitive to water. This leather is popularly seen in the Hermes Classic Birkin. Similar leather is Veau Tadelakt, but it is much softer and has no visible grains at all.
Barenia Natural: This calf leather is originally used in saddles but has been applied to other leather goods, it is typically combined with white top stitch making it more durable, and is water resistant. This leather does patina.
Clemence Leather: A broad and flat pebbled pattern made from baby bull, the Veau Taurillon Clemence leather is increasing in popularity. This leather is sturdy yet slouchy, and water creates blisters.
Togo Leather: Togo leather is scratch resistant and easily repaired. Made from baby calf, the texture is raised, yet smooth and fine. There is a pronounced graininess and is finer than Clemence leather.
Epsom Leather: This is a simple leather that is embossed, so the pattern is rigid and structure rather than naturally grainy. It is compressed, sturdy and holds shape, and scratch resistant. The exterior is also laminated and easy to clean. A similar leather is Veau Grain Lisse lightweight with less angular grains, also embossed.
Fjord Leather: Made from A Vache, or adult cow, this wide and flat-grained leather is matte with a soft texture. It is sophisticated and heavy.
Gulliver/Swift Leather: This fine grain leather is luminous and almost shimmers in the sunlight. This leather is great for absorbing dye and it reflects light making colors vibrant. It is easily scratched, but also can be polished away.
Chevre de Coromandel Leather: This sturdy goathide leather is strong yet lightweight. The texture is soft and tough against scratches, and it is incredibly long lasting.
Chevre Mysore Leather: This goathide leather is completely scratch resilient and has a defined, visible grain. Goatskin is one of the most durable leathers on the market, yet it is stiff and soft at the same time.
Crocodylus Niloticus: This leather is from the Nile Crocodile with a very visible large scale pattern. This leather can come in both shiny finishes and matte finishes, which both allow the scale pattern to be distinct in different ways.
Crodcodylus Porosus: This leather comes from a particular crocodile in Australia, Southeast Asia, and Singapore.
Ostrich Leather: This is a very unique leather and stands out with the distinct pores scattered throughout a smooth background. It changes with contact on skin and in light.
Empreinte Leather: Made from calfskin, this leather is supple and durable, also embossed.
Epi (Saffiano) Leather: A trade mark of Louis Vuitton, this leather is water resistant and scratch proof, made from specially tanned leather treated with plant extracts.
Lambskin Leather: This soft and smooth leather is like a baby’s bottom. The delicate, velvet like nature is also difficult to keep in perfect shape, it needs extreme caution. Caviar leather is similar but has a bumpier, rougher texture and is a bit heavier and more resilient.
Deerskin: Cerf leather is pebble like, smooth, and not fully pronounced. This is weightier and flexible. Many deerskin leathers today are actually made from calf skin to replicate the texture but not be as heavy.
Calfskin, Quilted: This Chanel staple leather is made from cow hide and is soft and smooth. The fine grain looks perfect with the quilted texture sewn into the leather. There is also an aged version that is more durable, yet ragged.